Rules of Hockey


Hockey is a game played with two teams of 16 with 11 players taking to the field at any one time. They consist of one goalkeeper three defenders four midfielders and three forward. The object of the game is for your team to score more goals than the opposing team. To score a goal, a player must use their hockey stick and shoot the ball into the goal. The ball must completely cross the goal line for the goals to count. The field is 100 yards long by 60 yards wide and there are lines at halfway point and at 23 meters. The goal is 12 feet wide and 7 feet high and surrounding the goals are the shooting circles which form a 50-meter radius around the goals.

The team winning the toss by flip of the coin will start the game. Once the team has possession of the ball they will try and move the ball towards the opposing goalkeeper and try and score. You can pass the ball directly between teammates. Left the ball so long as there’s no one in the way dribble the ball by running and controlling the ball with the flat side the stick only. Unlike ice hockey, a field hockey stick has a flat side and a rounded side and you are only all allowed to touch the ball with the flat side stick. Should you touch the ball with the wrong side of the stick, the other team will be awarded possession of the ball. The idea is set up in good field position to be able to shoot the ball towards the goal. The opposing team will try and stop you by tackling. They are allowed to try and take the ball away from you from the front or from the side. However, they cannot tackle you from behind nor can more than one player tries and tackle a ball carrier at any one time. They will try and take the ball away from you so that they can score themselves.

The game is played in two 35 minutes halves for the combined playing time of 70 minutes. Highest scores at the end of the time win. If the game is a tie at the end of time draw can be declared, or if it’s a knockout competition extra time and penalty shootouts can be used to determine the winner.

Substitution: There is an unlimited substitution in field hockey and they can be made at any time so long as the player be substituted comes off first.
Free hit: A free hit is awarded to the other team if a player kicks the ball if a player touches it with any part of the body except the stick. If there’s more than one person trying to tackle ball carrier or by deliberately causing an obstruction or intentionally shielding the ball and getting in the way.

Dangerous play: It’s usually excessive body contact with another player. It can also be using the stick in a dangerous manner, playing the ball dangerously by lifting the ball within 5 meters above the player or playing the ball dangerously above shoulder height. Dangerous play can be punished by either a green card which is a warring, yellow card where the player sent off temporarily for 5 minutes or a red card where you are sent off the pitch without substitution.

Long corner: If a defender unintentionally hits the ball behind the goal line a long corner is awarded to the attacking team at one of the long corner marks at each of the field

Penalty corner: more commonly known as a short corner this is awarded if defender deliberately hits the ball behind their own goal line. The attacking team places the ball at short corner mark inside the circle, and only the goalkeeper and four defenders can guard the net. All other players must be outside the Circle. The ball is then hit into play and is usually stopped and then shot towards the goal.

Penalty stroke: if defender intentionally how is a player with a legitimate chance to score a penalty stroke will be awarded to the attacking team.
The ball is placed on the ground at the penalty spot, and just like ice hockey, it’s one shot only. And goals scored count towards the overall score.


Penalty shootout: To determine the winner in knockout stages, in the event draw, penalty shootout may occur. There are 5 shooters on each team and each team and each one is are allowed 8 seconds to shoot the ball the only goalkeeper is allowed to guard the net and any rebounds can be shot into the goal so long as 8 seconds has not expired. The team in the most goals after the shoot out wins.